Country Activities

Burma

ND-Burma started to conduct its first transitional justice (TJ) training in Myitkyina, Kachin State in May 2017.

The 5-day TJ training covered an introduction to human rights, UDHR, ICCPR, ICESCR, conflict tree analysis, discrimination, human rights violations, transitional justice, TJ mechanisms and the four TJ pillars (truth, prosecutions, reparations, institutional reform), accountability and human rights, finding constructive solutions, accountability and TJ (why is truth-seeking important?, what are the benefits of truth-seeking?), truth-seeking (what is a truth commission?, structure of truth commissions, unofficial truth commission [UTC], international truth commissions), reparations (1. individual and collective, 2) material and symbolic satisfaction, 3) community/collective reparation, 4) institutional reform window), major factors & models of transitions, political constraints and the potential of TJ, preparation of truth commissions, and lessons learned.

ND-Burma also conducted four more trainings, twice in Lasio, once in Muse in Shan State, and once in Mawlamyine, Mon State with ND-Burma’s member organizations, women’s and youth groups, civil society organizations that are active in the local community, religious groups, and Ethnic Armed Organizations.

Through 5 trainings from May 2017 until January 2018, 112 participants (44 males and 68 females) gained the knowledge of TJ and how to address the issues of human rights violations within the TJ framework. Participants also explored ways to initiate TJ activities within their local context, especially in active conflict areas such as Kachin and Shan States.

For more information about ND-Burma, visit http://nd-burma.org/

Philippines

The ALG (Alternative Law Groups) held an “Orientation Workshop on Transitional Justice” from 25–26 July 2017 in Quezon City. Issues raised in the workshop were very rich and covered many aspects of TJ that included the foundations of TJ, current initiatives and prospects of TJ in the Philippines. Initiatives and prospects discussed were Bangsamoro and Transitional Justice and Reconciliation Commission WB-IOM recommendations on Bangsamoro land issues, Martial Law and the Human Rights Victims Claims Board (HRVCB), the disarmament, demobilization, and reintegration (DDR) discourse on the peace tables, as well as the  current internal situation of the Communist Party of the Philippines (CPP). Additional international perspectives that enriched the workshop included experiences shared by experts from Peru, the International Criminal Tribunal of the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), and the Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence in Aceh (KontraS Aceh). This comparative session aimed to get the most suitable and applicable approaches on the ground. Discussion and sharing of TJ were followed by an activity in which participants actively adopted the values of TJ. The last session was an Open Forum in which experts offered their perspectives on gender, indigenous people, LGBT, children and IDP issues. This successful workshop was closed by gathering ideas and suggestions to strengthen TJ initiatives in the Philippines. Learn more about ALG’s 2017 TJ workshop. 

The ALG also conducted a transitional justice conference on April 11, 2018. The conference aimed to disseminate and discuss the findings of transitional justice research entitled “Promoting A Knowledge Baseline of Advocacy on the Major and Outstanding Transitional Justice issues in the Philippines”, to enable national perspectives of TJ issues in the Philippines. The conference also focused on fostering links among TJ organizations and experts, through the sharing of TJ experiences and the strengthening TJ advocacy in the Philippines. Learn more about ALG’s 2018 transitional justice conference.

Thailand

The Cross-Cultural Foundation (CrCF) organized their first activity in Pattani on 20 February 2017, a panel discussion entitled “Violence against Civilians and Transitional Justice,” held at Prince of Songkla University Pattani Campus. Participants discussed the history of violence against civilians in Thai society and the Pattani using the framework of transitional justice. Speakers included Mr. Chamnan Chanruang from the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration at Chiang Mai University and. Asst. Prof. Dr. Poom Moolsilpa, Associate Dean of the School of Law at Assumption University. Dr. Poom shared his own experiences working inside the Thai TRC and his observations on the current “reconciliation” initiative led by the government. Lastly, Mr. Romdor Panjor, Editor of the Deep South Watch shared his views on the conflicts in Thailand’s southern border/Pattani and transitional justice. The panel was significant as it was the first time that transitional justice and the reconciliation initiative led by the Thai government was shared with an audience in Pattani.

On 7 April 2017, CrCF Thailand organized a panel discussion on Transitional Justice and Reconciliation in Thai society at Dipak CJ Hall, Sasa Nives Building, Chulalongkorn University. The discussion among Bangkok-based academicians aimed to create an understanding of the current process of conflict resolution and reconciliation and to introduce the idea and concept of transitional justice to Thai society. The event was able to gather a number of interested audience and experts who have been working on the field including experts from the Center for Peace and Conflict Studies at Chulalongkorn University. Mr. Patrick Burgess, the President of Asia Justice and Rights (AJAR) and Mr. Afridal Darmi, the chair of the Aceh TRC and expert from Aceh, Indonesia also shared their experiences on TJ, conflict resolution and reconciliation at the event.

Learn more about CrCF’s activities.

 

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